Supplements for Neuropathy: Vitamins and More

Overview

Neuropathy is a term used to describe several conditions that affect the nerves and can cause irritating and painful symptoms. Neuropathy is a particularly common complication of diabetes and a side effect of chemotherapy.

Conventional treatments are available to treat neuropathy. However, research is underway to investigate the use of supplements. You may find these supplements preferable to other treatment options since they have fewer side effects. They may also benefit your health and well-being in other ways.

Always talk to your doctor before starting any new supplements or changing your treatment plan in any way. You may wish to combine these supplements with complementary therapies, pain medication, and adaptive techniques to help to manage your symptoms, but be cautious. Herbs and supplements can interfere with each other and with any medications you’re taking. They’re not meant to replace any doctor-approved treatment plan.

1. B vitamins for neuropathy

B vitamins are useful in treating neuropathy since they support healthy nervous system function. Peripheral neuropathy is sometimes caused by a vitamin B deficiency.

Supplementation should include vitamin B-1 (thiamine and benfotiamine), B-6, and B-12. You may choose to take these separately instead of as a B complex.

Benfotiamine is like vitamin B-1, which is also known as thiamine. It’s thought to reduce pain and inflammation levels and prevent cellular damage.

A deficiency in vitamin B-12 is one cause of peripheral neuropathy. Left untreated, it can cause permanent nerve damage.

Vitamin B-6 may help to maintain the covering on nerve endings. But it’s important that you don’t take more than 200 milligrams (mg) of B-6 per day. Taking higher amounts can lead to nerve damage and cause symptoms of neuropathy.

Food rich in B vitamins include:

  • meat, poultry, and fish
  • seafood
  • eggs
  • low-fat dairy foods
  • fortified cereals
  • vegetables

A 2017 review indicates that supplementing with B vitamins has the potential to promote nerve repair. This may be because B vitamins can speed up nerve tissue regeneration and improve nerve function. B vitamins may also be useful in relieving pain and inflammation.