15 Foods to Prevent Breast Cancer

Vegetables

Cruciferous vegetables

These vegetables are typically rich in antioxidant vitamins, such as C, E, and K, and are high in fiber. Cruciferous vegetables contain glucosinolates, a type of chemical. This chemical, as well as the other components found in cruciferous veggies, may have cancer-fighting properties.

Popular cruciferous vegetables include:

  • broccoli
  • cauliflower
  • Brussels sprouts
  • arugula
  • kale
  • cabbage

Dark, leafy green vegetables

The darker the green, the denser the nutrition. Greens are typically high in antioxidants and fiber, which may make them potent anticancer tools.

Popular options include:

  • spinach
  • kale
  • Swiss chard
  • collard, mustard, turnip, and beet greens

General ingredients to look for

Carotenoids

Carotenoids are found in many red, orange, dark green, and yellow fruits and vegetables.

These foods are typically high in vitamin A, lutein, beta carotene and lycopene, all of which might be effective against free radicals. Examples include:

  • carrots
  • tomatoes
  • kale
  • apricots
  • sweet potatoes

There’s some data to indicate that diets high in these foods reduce breast cancer risk, but more research is needed. No dosage recommendations currently exist, though daily intake is recommended.

Apigenin

Apigenin is a flavonoid found in certain fruits, vegetables, and herbs. Because apigenin is an antioxidant, these foods may have anti-inflammatory properties.

According to one 2010 study, apigenin may inhibit growth in HER2 breast cancer cells. More research is needed to determine its true efficacy. No dosage recommendations are available at this time.

Popular options include:

  • parsley
  • celery
  • chamomile
  • peppermint
  • spinach
  • licorice

Some herbs contain varying amounts of apigenin:

  • oregano
  • basil
  • thyme
  • rosemary
  • coriander